Named by English explorer Bartholmew Gosnold after his homeport in 1602, Falmouth has witnessed the ebb and flow of four centuries. From the Wampanoag Indians ("People of the Dawn") to courageous whaling men, from salty sea captains to Revolutionary War battles, every nook and cove of Falmouth is home to a remarkable tale.
With the growth in community came growth in industry. Townsmen began evaporating salt from seawater, producing as much as 35,000 bushels annually. Open meadows provided grazing for sheep used in supplying woolen mills in East Falmouth and Waquoit.
One of the most important historic events was the railroad expansion into Falmouth and Woods Hole. Although built to serve the Pacific Guano Company, the trains provided easy access of warm summer waters to wealthy residents of New York and Boston, turning Falmouth into a summer resort.